New Research Findings May Bring Breakthrough For Scleroderma Patients PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 01 October 2012 22:13
Research presented at the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology in Prague, Czech Republic, suggests that inhibition of the SMAD protein may be a viable therapeutic target in Scleroderma patients.

This finding builds on previous research by presenter and lead researcher Donal O'Kane and colleagues showing that epidermal to mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs in the skin of Scleroderma patients. This is most likely induced by high levels of the inflammatory cytokines transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in sclerodermatous skin, and contributes directly to cutaneous fibrosis.

In the current study, O'Kane and team showed that SMAD inhibition weakens or reverses EMT in a normal human epidermal keratinocyte cell line. EMT was induced in the cells by the introduction of high levels of TGF-β and TNF-α to mimic conditions present in sclerodermatous human skin.

These findings could prove a real breakthrough for Scleroderma patients, as currently available treatments for Scleroderma are limited and often ineffective.

"At the minute because no treatments work effectively in clinical practice my feeling is that that's because they focus on fibrosis in the dermis as opposed to what predates that," O'Kane told medwireNews.

"The novel part of this EMT is we think that's before the fibrotic phase," he added, "so it gives a total new approach to the treatment of fibrotic disease and potentially will raise a lot more treatments as well."

To continue reading the full article, click here.

Source: Albert, H. (2012), "New treatment target brings hope for scleroderma patients"; News-medical.net;

 
More articles :

» Stanford Medical Researchers Discover Master Regulator of Skin Development

The surface of your skin, called the , is a complex mixture of many different cell types — each with a very specific job. The production, or differentiation, of such a sophisticated tissue requires an immense amount of coordination at the cellular...

» Sonographic Evaluation of Pediatric Localized Scleroderma Preliminary Disease Assessment Measures

Background: Our earlier work in the ultrasonograpy of localized scleroderma (LS) suggests that altered levels of echogenicity and vascularity can be associated with disease activity. Utrasound is clinically benign and readily available, but can be...

» Rare Diseases Day

Febuary 28th, 2010 was Rare Diseases Day, and it was marked with a variety of events and activities all over the world - as well as with plenty of citizen media and online participation. The goal was to raise awareness about so-called. These are...

» What You Should Know About The AntiNuclear Antibody Or ANA Test

How is it used?The ANA test is ordered to help screen for autoimmune disorders and is most often used as one of the tests to diagnose (SLE). Depending on the patient's symptoms and the suspected diagnosis, ANA may be ordered along with one or more...

» Cell Therapy Yields Promising Results For Scleroderma Treatment

Cytori Therapeutics, Inc. provided preliminary data from a study evaluating a potential treatment for Scleroderma based on the company's cell therapy. The investigator-funded, open-label, pilot study is being conducted on patients with Cutaneous...

» Facing Life's Challenges

At 57 years of age Anne Wersching doesn’t have a single wrinkle on her face.Sitting in her lounge room in Bayswater North, Ms Wersching looks well, save for a few red marks on her cheeks.But Ms Wersching has a little-known disease called...