What are the Early Symptoms of Scleroderma? PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 07 July 2010 15:49
Scleroderma is a term used to describe a group of rare, chronic diseases characterized by unusual tightening and hardening of the connective tissues and skin. There are two major types of scleroderma: localized, which only affects the skin; and systemic, which affects the internal organs in addition to the skin.

Health officials at MayoClinic.com report that Native American or African-American females are most likely to be affected by this condition. The early symptoms of scleroderma can vary between patients and should be discussed with a doctor if they occur.

Skin Swelling, Thickening or Tightening
Patients with scleroderma can develop abnormal skin changes as a symptom of this condition. The fingers or hands can appear unusually puffy or enlarged and may develop thick patches of skin. Skin across the face or hands can become abnormally tight, which may lead to difficult or restricted movement of the affected body regions, explain health officials at MayoClinic.com. Patients may notice that the affected skin appears shiny or is hard or firm to the touch. These scleroderma symptoms may be mild initially but can become progressively worse over time.

Skin Discoloration
Unusual, sudden skin discoloration in response to cold temperatures can occur as a symptom of scleroderma. This symptom, which is referred to as Raynaud's phenomenon, is characterized by an abnormal white, blue or red discoloration of the skin along the fingers and toes caused by restricted blood flow to these body regions. Patients who experience Raynaud's phenomenon often develop sensations of numbness or pain within the hands and feet. These symptoms are typically temporary but can reoccur sporadically throughout the day, explains the Merck Manual, an online medical encyclopedia for health professionals. Severe emotional trauma or upset may also instigate Raynaud's phenomenon symptoms in certain patients.

Joint or Muscle Pain
Scleroderma can cause inflammation of the joints or muscles of patients during the early stages of this disease. As a result, affected patients can experience sensations of pain or aching throughout the body. These painful symptoms may occur in conjunction with muscle weakness, which can lead to difficulty standing or walking.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Patients with scleroderma can develop early symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. GERD symptoms can include heartburn, nausea, difficulty swallowing, chest discomfort or sore throat. Certain patients can experience a decrease in appetite that may be accompanied by bowel movement changes. Over time, these early symptoms of scleroderma can become worse and may lead to poor nutrient absorption and difficulty controlling stool production, a condition called fecal incontinence.

Source: Livestrong.com
 
More articles :

» Mouth Exercises For Scleroderma

The loss of facial mobility may restrict the ability to chew foods and perform adequate moth hygiene. Below is some advice on maintaining facial mobility through exercise.INSTRUCTIONS:Do exercises in front of a mirror. Massage (firm touch) the...

» Vitamin D Deficiency May Hasten Autoimmune Lung Disease

Patients with autoimmune interstitial lung disease (ILD) — a frequently fatal chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes scarring of the lungs — often have deficiencies, and researchers from the University of Cincinnati believe this...

» New Understanding of Skin Hardening Syndromes Found

New details about the underlying mechanisms of skin hardening syndromes, morphea, have been discovered by researchers from (BUSM). Morphea, also known as localized scleroderma, is a disorder characterized by leading to thickening of the dermis,...

» The Science of Raw Food

In a recent article on , we noted that changing your diet and introducing an abundance of living and raw foods provide a much safer alternative than traditional medicine in restoring the body’s alkalinity, and subsequently ensuring good health....

» Therapies for Scleroderma-related Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Paul M. HassounPosted: 08/20/2009; Expert Rev Resp Med. 2009;3(2):187-196. © 2009 Expert Reviews Ltd.Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a common complication of systemic sclerosis, carries a very severe prognosis and is one of the leading...

» New Classification Criteria Developed For Scleroderma

The 2013 Classification Criteria for Systemic Sclerosis have been developed and validated by the and and should allow patients to be identified and treated earlier, according to the professional bodies.Published in Arthritis and Rheumatism, the...